Building a Solid New Home Foundation

If you study the exterior or interior appearance of your house, the foundation is not visible. For most people, it seems though the foundation is non-existent. However, even though the foundation doesn’t scream “I’m here!” unlike the other components of our house that are obvious, we shouldn’t be mindless of it. After all, it’s the reason why our house is still standing still.

The foundation and footings in our homes are like the legs and feet of our body, so without them we cannot go anywhere. The footings served as the anchor to the ground while the foundation carries the structure’s weight.

Foundations are made from different materials, like block, concrete, stones and even treated woods. The process involves erecting the wooden forms, installing reinforcing bars, pouring the form with concrete and removing the form once the concrete dries.

The types of foundation you should know about are crawl space foundation, full basement foundation and slab-on foundation. The experts of foundation repair Waco TX will assess your location and recommend you one of the foundations mentioned.

1. Crawlspace Foundation

This type of foundation is common in the homes of Midwest and Southeast USA. Its footings are laid below the frost line and there’s a space between the floor frame and the ground for a crawling space. A foundation vent opening is added on most crawl spaces to avoid moisture buildup. This is because one of the disadvantages of a crawl space foundation is that it can be a breeding ground of moisture.

Maintenance and regular check-up is important to make sure that the moisture and mold is not infesting in the crawl space because they can soak the framing and will lead it to rot which means that the house will suffer a structural failure.

2. Full Basements Foundation

Full basements are usually found in many areas but most especially in the Northeastern part. This foundation has a high wall (8 foot) that encloses a concrete slab (thick poured, 4 inches). The footings in this type of foundation are placed deep below the frost depth of the region. Before, basements are not finished. But now homeowners turn these areas into a gym, recreational area or entertainment center. If the slop is good, you will get the good ventilation and natural light in this space.

However, if you opt to do so too, beneath the slab you should install rigid foam insulation. This will make the basement more comfortable. A proper insulation will prevent the walls and slabs from mold and mildew infestation.

3. Slab-on-Grade

This type of foundation consists of concrete slab poured at the grade level. There are shallow footings installed that transfers the structure’s weight to the ground. This is commonly found in warm regions. When constructing one, rigid foam insulation is installed under the slab to make the area more comfortable. If you live in colder climate, there would be required installations of special frost proofing. Remember that your location, the soil condition and the weather are the important things to consider when choosing a type of foundation. And oh, don’t forget your budget.

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How to Prune Your Tree

Pruning trees seem like an easy job however, there’s really an art to it, most especially when you want it to look best. Not only do tree surgeons cut down trees, they also have the skills and knowledge to make them grow and nourish.

Key Steps to Good Pruning

1. Make sure that all your tools or equipment are clean. Cleaning your equipment is certainly a must because it prevents the spread of harmful diseases. If you have used them on a diseased or damaged tree, this can also spread to the new ones, leading in total disaster. Clean your equipment with the use of a rubbing alcohol and rag before use, taking additional care if you know they’ve been used on any diseased trees. To make sure that the outcome is correct, consider contacting a Guildford tree surgeon.

2. Make your that your tools are well-maintained and sharp. Blunt equipment not only makes it tough to cut through tree branches but lead to rough cuts as well, that can result in insect damage or disease. Sharp tools, on the other hand, make simple clean cuts that will reduce the risks of problems in the future.

3. Do not worry about your tree pruning cuts. Having new cuts will not bring harm to the trees, so while some tree owners paint over cuts for aesthetic reasons, this is not needed, since it does not reduce or prevent decay.

Steps on How to Properly Do Tree Pruning

  • Use the 1/3 and 1/4 Rule

Following this rule will prevent cutting back far, while also promoting abundant new growths.

Do not cut more than a quarter of the tree crown (the outer leaves and branches extending from the main stem or trunk). Ideally, the main side tree branches must be smaller by 1/3 than the trunk’s diameter. For most short-lived trees, you should not prune up from the tree’s bottom any greater than 1/3 of the total height of the tree.

  • Try to encourage side tree branches which form a 10-2 angle with the trunk.

Inspect all of your trees starting from top to bottom. For most types, the trees must only have one main stem. Before you start tree pruning, determine first the best lateral branches (scaffold branch, the main supporting branch of the tree) and the best leader (central branch which grows upwards ahead).

  • Get rid of any imperfect or deformed branches before you start tree pruning.

Begin pruning with a pole pruner on high branches. If the tree is over a particular height or specialized tool is required, it is highly advised to leave this task to the professionals since major tasks on huge trees must be done by licensed tree surgeons for your safety.

For bigger tree branches but outside the swollen area and branch bark, making sure you do not leave some swollen stubs. As a matter of fact, if the limb is too little to have formed a collar, you can cut it close.

  • The cuts should be clean and sharp making a slight angle at least an inch over the bud.
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Qualities of a Photo Company that Should Cover Your Next Event

Events are part of life, it can come in small things and moments that are intimate or is shared to a bigger group with thought for life. In times of big events, like weddings, parties and other ones you may want to consider hiring a photo company to help you with the rendering of pictures. You can try a photo booth rental in Tucson AZ to add to the appeal of the event.

If you are looking to hire a photographer to capture your memories in a way that is beautiful and wonderful then you should make sure to hire the right one.


When you think about a great photographer it is more than just the skill. You want someone who is great in communication. They will be taking a picture of you and the moment or memories and you want someone who would not be awkwardly staring at you snapping pictures. You want someone who would blend into the background or at least make all of you comfortable.

You also want someone who would be upfront with you and take the job as a business deal with a hint of a personal into it. That should make the whole ordeal a lot easier and a lot clearer for both sides. There would be fewer reasons for getting into misunderstandings which would be bad for business and relationship.


It takes talent and skills to snap a pretty photo. Even with the most awkward models or subjects that will grace your lens. So, in a way for you a photographer to snap a photo of a moment capturing the feelings and animation in there, one must be good at what they do. You should make sure that you find this one so that should be another quality.


You want someone professional to cover your event. You want someone who dresses and acts the part that they should. You don’t want someone to give you more problem because that is not something that you asked for. So, in order for you to add anymore a headache to yourself make sure that you hire someone who is professional.

You want someone who knows their way around the protocols of a certain event, so that you don’t have to worry about them ruining a moment or a shot. This should be something that you should consider. However, this is harder for you to know unless you ask the photographer.


You want someone who has the deals and prices down pat for you. As someone who needs a professional photographer you need to understand that it is their job. This means they need the money you pay them to get on with their business. So, you shouldn’t so much think that you are not paying them because that is not good.

You should know and be able to talk to them before you hire them on for a job. You also need to understand that even if they know you, they are giving you time and their talent and so, should be compensated for it well.

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